View The Document

Accession Number:



The Great Powers and the Macedonian Question, 1903-1908


Author Organization(s):

Report Date:



The Macedonian question" has been a main reason for discord in the Balkans, including the Balkan Wars of 1912-1913, WWI,WWII and most recently part of the disintegration of Yugoslavia and ensuing conflicts. The Macedonian question was about the fate of the population in the Macedonian vilayets who, liberated by Russia in the San Stefano Treaty ending the Russo-Turkish War in 1878, had the chance to enjoy freedom for a few months until the decisions made by the Congress of Berlin to limit the scope of the Russian victory brought them back under the rule of the Ottoman Empire. Until 1902 the Great Powers were focused on maintaining the status quo on the Balkans by means of intervention in the Eastern Question concerning the fate of the Ottoman Empire in Europe. The Powers avoided the Macedonian question and interfered only when the situation escalated and the conflicts were going to become an issue for the status quo. After the Ilinden Uprising in 1903, forced by strong public opinion and the need to secure their interests, the Great Powers turned their attention again to the Balkans, each of them having its own agenda for the outcome.



File Size:





Communities of Interest:

Distribution Statement:

Approved For Public Release

View The Document