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Joint Military Operations: DOD's Renewed Emphasis on Interoperability is Important but not Adequate
In a 1987 report, we identified various problems and made recommendations associated with the Department of Defense's (DOD) efforts to achieve command, control, and communications (C3) systems interoperability - the ability of systems, units, or forces to exchange services, enabling them to operate effectively together. DOD concurred with our recommendations regarding certification, waiver, and funding matters and stated that it needed to improve interoperability in certain areas and had established mechanisms to do so. This letter discusses DOD's efforts to overcome persisting interoperability problems. Our focus was on system (equipment) and operational (doctrine, tactics, procedures, and training) interoperability associated with command, control, communications, computers, and intelligence (C41).
Approved For Public Release