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Small Business Research Programs: Additional Actions Needed to Implement Fraud, Waste, and Abuse Prevention Requirements
For about 35 years, federal agencies have made awards to small businesses for technology research and development through the SBIR program and, for the last 25 years, through the STTR program. Following a 2009 congressional hearing about fraud in the programs, the SBIR/STTR Reauthorization Act of 2011 included separate requirements for SBA and OIGs to address and prevent fraud, waste, and abuse. The act also included a provision for GAO to review what the agencies and their OIGs have done to address fraud, waste, and abuse in the programs. This report examines (1) the extent to which SBA and the participating agencies have implemented measures to prevent fraud, waste, and abuse for the SBIR and STTR programs and (2) the extent to which the agencies' OIGs have implemented the act's requirements. GAO compared documentation from SBA, the 11 participating agencies, and the agencies' OIGs to their respective requirements and interviewed SBA, agency, and OIG officials.
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