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Bosnia: Costs are Uncertain but Seem Likely to Exceed DOD's Estimate


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The Dayton Peace Accords, signed on December 14, 1995, are designed to end several years of conflict in the former Yugoslavia. One part of the accords involves the deployment of a NATO-led coalition force to Bosnia-Herzegovina, hereafter referred to as Bosnia, to implement the peace agreement. The purpose of IFOR is to enforce the cessation of hostilities and provide a secure environment for the other parts of the peace plan to take place. The United States is a major force provider to IFOR, and Americans occupy the key NATO military leadership positions that control the operation. As of February 22, 1996, U.S. forces deployed in support of IFOR, which included both active and reserve personnel, were located in four countries and numbered almost 27,000. Of this total, 18,400 military personnel were deployed to Bosnia, 2,000 to Croatia, 5,500 to Hungary, and almost 1,000 to Italy. As of February 23, 1996, DOD's estimate of the incremental cost of operations in and around the former Yugoslavia was $2.5 billion. DOD's costs span 2 fiscal years - 1996 and 1997. Fiscal year 1996 costs are estimated at $2 billion and fiscal year 1997 costs are estimated at $0.5 billion. DOD is currently reevaluating its cost estimate based on the costs incurred to date.



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