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Tunisian Campaign during WWII: Examining Operational Art through the Battle of Kasserine Pass and Battle of El Guettar
This study explores how Allied operational-level commanders and staffs in the Tunisian Campaign of World War II understood and applied what is known today as operational art. Case studies of the Battles of Kasserine Pass and El Guettar illustrate how the Anglo-American Allies combined tactical actions in time, space, and purpose to achieve strategic objectives. Each case study assesses the Allies' operational-level planning and decision making through the lens of three elements of operational art - end state and conditions, tempo, and operational reach - focusing on the US II Corps' operations. The monograph contributes to the ongoing debate on whether the Battle of Kasserine Pass resulted in an operational level victory or defeat. The analysis reveals how components of operational art can exist, even in the event of a tactical failure.
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