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Application of Analogical Reasoning for use in Visual Knowledge Extraction


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There is a continual push to make Artificial Intelligence (AI) as human-like as possible; however, this is a difficult task because of its inability to learn beyond its current comprehension. Analogical reasoning (AR) has been proposed as one method to achieve this goal. Current literature lacks a technical comparison on psychologically-inspired and natural-language-processing-produced AR algorithms with consistent metrics on multiple-choice word-based analogy problems. Assessment is based on correctness and goodness metrics. There is not a one-size-fits-all algorithm for all textual problems. As contribution in visual AR, a convolutional neural network (CNN) is integrated with the AR vector space model, Global Vectors (GloVe), in the proposed, Image Recognition Through Analogical Reasoning Algorithm (IRTARA). Given images outside of the CNNs training data, IRTARA produces contextual information by leveraging semantic information from GloVe. IRTARAs quality of results is measured by definition, AR, and human factors evaluation methods, which saw consistency at the extreme ends. There search shows the potential for AR to facilitate more a human-like AI through its ability to understand concepts beyond its foundational knowledge in both a textual and visual problem space.



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