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Infectious Disease and National Security: Strategic Information Needs
The global community has suffered recently from newly emerged infectious diseases, including HIV/AIDS and severe acute respiratory syndrome, and from reemerging diseases once thought to be in decline. The world now faces the threat of a human influenza pandemic arising from the recently emerged avian influenza H5N1 virus. It has been increasingly recognized that infectious disease can have significant effects on U.S. and world security. Collection and analysis of information about the worldwide incidence of infectious disease is imperative for the United States to understand and respond to subsequent related threats. This study, conducted from July through October 2005, examines infectious diseases within the context of national security and assesses the need for and adequacy of information that will enable U.S. policymakers to prevent and respond to such threats.
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