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Minority-and Women-Owned Business Contracting: Analysis of DoD Contract Awards, Fiscal Years 2010-2016
Section 890 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 contained a provision for us to report on the number and types of contracts for the procurement of products or services that the Department of Defense (DOD) awarded to minority-owned and women owned businesses. This report examines Federal Procurement Data System-Next Generation (FPDS-NG) data on DOD contracting with minority- and women-owned businesses for fiscal years 2010-2016. To address our objective, we used FPDS-NG data to identify trends in DODs procurement of products and services from minority- and women-owned businesses for fiscal years 2010-2016. Although the Act contained a provision for us to review only fiscal years 2010 through 2015, we added fiscal year 2016 because it was the most recent year for which complete data were available at the time of our review. All obligations data are presented in constant fiscal year 2016 dollars adjusted for inflation using the fiscal year gross domestic price index. We analyzed this data to determine which contract types were used; the percentage of obligations used to purchase products versus services; the top products and services procured; and the number of contracts awarded from fiscal years 2010-2016. For the purposes of this report, in calculating the number of contracts awarded during fiscal years 2010-2016, we counted the award of purchase orders, definitive contracts, and indefinite delivery vehicles--which are contracts or agreements that allow agencies to place orders against them. However, we did not count delivery orders or calls awarded through indefinite delivery vehicles. We assessed the reliability of the FPDS-NG data by electronically testing for errors in accuracy and completeness and reviewed related documentation. We determined the data to be sufficiently reliable for the purposes of this report.
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