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Afghanistan Security: U.S.-Funded Equipment for the Afghan National Defense and Security Forces
Developing independently capable Afghan National Defense and Security Forces (ANDSF) is a key component of U.S. and coalition efforts to counter terrorist threats and create sustainable security and stability in Afghanistan.1 Since 2002, the United States has worked to train and equip these forces, with assistance from North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) members and other coalition nations. In January 2015, the ANDSF formally assumed security responsibilities for all of Afghanistan. Through the NATO-led mission Resolute Support, the United States continues to train and equip the ANDSF in order to develop them into more effective and sustainable forces that can protect the Afghan people and contribute to regional and international security. However, as reported by the Departments of Defense (DOD) and State (State), Afghanistans stability and security continue to face threats from the Taliban-led insurgency, criminal networks, and terrorist organizations, including the Islamic State of Iraq and SyriaKhorasan.2 House Report 114-537 associated with the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 included a provision for us to review weapon systems and equipment funded for the ANDSF. In this report, we describe equipment DOD and State have funded for the Afghan National Army (ANA) and Afghan National Police (ANP)collectively known as the ANDSF.3 Enclosures I-VI provide detailed information on communications equipment; vehicles; weapons; explosive ordnance disposal (EOD) equipment; intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (ISR) equipment; and aircraft. To perform our work, we reviewed security agreements, key legislation, and DOD and State information related to U.S. efforts to equip the ANDSF, including funding data, manuals addressing the procurement process, and other DOD documentsspecifically, regular reports DOD submits to Congress on progress toward security and stability in Afghanistan.
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