The federal government spends more than $90 billion on information technology. At least 80 percent of this is used to operate and maintain existing IT systems, including aging legacy systems - many of which are decades old. These technical environments are highly inefficient because they are costly to maintain, vulnerable to cyberattacks, and don't adequately meet the growing needs of U.S. citizens. With technology advances, growing mission needs, and high public expectations, Congress and several Administrations have introduced legislation and policies that helped to reduce barriers and provide tools to get a better return on this technology investment. While there have been many successes and improvements recently, additional steps can be taken.