View The Document

Accession Number:



Overcoming CRPC Treatment Resistance via Novel Dual AKR1C3 Targeting


Author Organization(s):

Report Date:



Enzalutamide (Enza) and abiraterone (Abi) were approved for the treatment of metastatic castration resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) patients. Resistance to Enza and Abi occurs frequently and renders mCRPC patients incurable. Therefore, there is great unmet medical need to identify resistant mechanisms to improve the treatment outcome of mCRPC. We have shown that overexpression of AKR1C3 is responsible for the elevated intracrine androgen biosynthesis in prostate cancer cells. Up-regulation of AKR1C3 is correlated with anti-androgen resistance. We therefore sought to knock down AKR1C3 with specific siRNA/shRNA and small molecule drug to confirm its role in androgen synthesis and drug resistance. We used siRNA, shRNA specific to AKR1C3 and a small molecule inhibitor Indomethacin to target AKR1C3.At cellular level, we demonstrated that knockdown AKR1C3 may: 1. Restore sensitivity to anti-androgen drugs such as enzalutamide and abiraterone. 2. Reduce AR-V7 level. 3. Inhibit AR transactivation activity. 4. Abate intratumoral androgen synthesis. Using Indocin to targetAKR1C3 in vivo is efficient in reducing tumor sizes and further successful in blocking tumor growth when combined with either enzalutamide or abiraterone. Reduction of AR-V7 via AKR1C3knockdown may also involves the regulation of hnRNAP1, the enzyme responsible for RNA splicing. Our results confirmed that blocking AKR1C3 restores drug sensitivity of CRPC or drug resistant cells to anti-androgen treatments. AKR1C3/AR-V7 axis also confers cross-resistance to apalutamide and darolutamide. Targeting AKR1C3 with Indomethacin in combination with anti-androgens such as enzalutamide shows great potential in advanced prostate cancer treatment.



File Size:





Distribution Statement:

Approved For Public Release

View The Document