Many early business applications on computers involved entering, manipulating, and summarizing data and generating reports. Most output produced by these computers was manually reviewed (1) for correctness and/or (2) to decide what actions should be taken on the basis of the output report. As more complex computer processing developed, the applications became more innovative. Computers were assigned certain repetitive decisionmaking work which duplicated steps people had taken to do the job previously. The output of these computers is frequently not reviewed by people (that is, no manual review. These types of applications have no established name. We are calling them automated decisionmaking applications.