Quality gaps in care of military and Veterans with upper limb amputation have been reported. In 2008, amputees who received prosthetic care in the VA were reported to be less satisfied than their counterparts receiving care in the private sector. In 2011, reported widespread dissatisfaction amongst combat Veterans with upper limb amputation reported by the Office of the Inspector General led to calls for efforts to evaluate needs of Veterans with traumatic upper limb amputations to improve their satisfaction. Major efforts to improve the quality of prosthetic care have been made since these studies were conducted. In 2009, the VA reorganized its amputation system of care, and in 2014 the VA and DoD released the Evidence-Based Clinical Practice Guidelines (CPGs) for the rehabilitation of persons with upper limb amputation. It is now time for a comprehensive study to assess the current state of quality and outcomes of amputation rehabilitation and satisfaction with prosthetic care for upper limb amputees and to track quality and outcomes over time.