On January 24, 2013, the Secretary of Defense and Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff announced rescission of the 1994 Direct Ground Combat Definition and Assignment Rule, which restricted assignments of women to occupational specialties or positions in or collocated with direct ground combat units. After the announced decision to eliminate the rule, the fiscal year 2014 National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) directed establishment of gender-neutral and valid physical standards prior to opening any of the restricted occupations to women and gave the services until no later than September 2015 to demonstrate that such standards were in place. This report provides the results of a review to assess whether the work undertaken by the services would satisfy the NDAA requirements. To accomplish this, the research proceeded in two phases. The first phase involved describing best-practice methodologies for establishing gender-neutral standards for physically demanding jobs, tailored to address the needs of the military. The work in the first phase was completed in 2013, and the report (Volume 1) was shared with the services. The second phase of the work, described in this report (Volume 2), involved a review and evaluation of the methods used by the military services to meet the requirement. The review began in2013, as the services planned their efforts, and ended in April 2015, about six months prior to the 2015 deadline and before the services had completed the final stages of their work.