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Comprehensive Study of Optimal Synergetic Skip Entries with Dynamic Thrust Vectoring Control


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The atmospheric skip entry has been studied since London's presentation in 1962describing a more fuel exE;fficient means of altering the orbital inclination of satellites. Since London, research over the decades since has traversed many aspects of this field with varying degrees of success. The present research employs the use of modern optimal control software, complex dynamics with minor simplifications, and thrust vectoring to re-approach the aerocruise atmospheric skip entry. Using the aerodynamics of the X-34, the aerocruise problem is first compared to the un-powered aeroglide where it is shown that the aerocruise is capable of increasing the inclination change by an average of 10 degreesx5;, and can be used more effectively when constraints on heating and deceleration rates are applied. A typical assumption of aerocruise maneuvers, that thrust be opposite of drag proved to not be the optimal solution. Optimal thrust angle solutions tend to guide the thrust vector in the direction of the atmospheric turn, and approximately 10 degreesx5; in the direction of lift. This research shows that thrust vectoring could be utilized in trans-atmospheric vehicle (TAV) design to increase the inclination change during an atmospheric maneuver. In addition, various vehicle parameter changes are studied and their results analyzed for the purpose of TAV design. Compared to the exo-atmospheric plane change the thrust vectoring aerocruise grants an additional 28.3x5; degrees of inclination change; a x1;delta V savings equivalent to 3.67 km/s.



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