BRITISH TELECOM RESEARCH LABS IPSWICH (UNITED KINGDOM)
The availability of picosecond mode-locked pulses and low loss optical fibre has made it desirable to use the effects of self-induced phase-shifts for applications in all optical processing. There have been several successful demonstrations of all-optical switching in fused silica fibres in recent years. What is common amongst most of these devices is that they use long lengths of fibre, typically 25m to km, high optical powers or both. No demonstration of all optical switching in short lengths of optical fibre at relatively low powers has so far been demonstrated. This limitation is mainly due to the low nonlinearity of silica 3 x 10 -20 m2W. Recently, 29cm long fibres made with new glasses have been reported which yield 17 Pi nonlinear phaseshift with an input power of lkW. This paper reports on the observation of self-induced polarisation instabilities in 10cm lengths of nitrobenzene-filled silica single-mode waveguides. Large phase changes of at least 12 Pi are reported at peak input powers of only 14W, with no saturation of the nonlinearity.
This article is from 'OSA Proceedings of the Topical Meeting on Nonlinear Guided-Wave Phenomena Held in 2-4 September 1991. Cambridge, England United Kingdom. Volume 15', AD-A253 471, p74-77.