NATIONAL ADVISORY COMMITTEE FOR AERONAUTICS LANGLEY FIELD VA LANGLEY AERONAUTICAL LABORATORY
Tests of two-blade propellers having the NACA 4-306.3-06 and NACA 4-306.4-09 blade designs blade activity factors of 179 and 265, respectively have been made in the Langley 8-foot high-speed tunnel through a range of blade angle from 20 to 70 deg for free-stream Mach numbers from 0.165 to 0.725 to determine the effects of high solidity and compressibility on propeller characteristics. The tests are part of a general investigation of propellers at high forward speeds. Results previously reported for similar tests of two-blade propellers having the NACA 4-308-03 and NACA 4-308-045 blade designs blade activity factors of 87 and 133, respectively are included for comparison. The results showed that the 0.06- and 0.09-solidity blades, although producing efficiencies of the order of 90 percent, were less efficient than blades of conventional solidity. The variation in average blade lift coefficient with solidity at a constant blade angle and advance-diameter ratio through the speed range of these tests was found to be analogous to the variation of wing lift coefficient with aspect ratio, indicating that high-solidity blades may be desirable at very high speeds. Because of power limitations of the test equipment, conclusive evidence of the possible favorable effects of increased blade solidity at high speeds was not obtained. Further tests are desirable.