It is very doubtful whether the amphibious landings by the U.S. Armed Forces on the Japanese held islands in the Pacific during World War II would have been successful without the massive deployment of tracked landing vehicles. The Landing Vehicle Tracked LVT1 chosen by the Marine Corps in 1941 for War production, was patterned after Donald Roeblings successful Alligator, conceived for rescue operations during hurricane flooding in Florida. This paper describes the development of this peaceful rescue craft and its transformation into a military vehicle which was used extensively in World War II. Keywords Operational readiness, Operational effectiveness, Marine corps equipment. Amphibious vehicles.
Presented at the American Society of Mechanical Engineers Winter Annual Meeting, Anaheim, CA, 7-12 Dec 86.