HUMAN RESOURCES RESEARCH ORGANIZATION ALEXANDRIA VA
The research described was performed under Project A, the U.S. Armys current, large-scale manpower and personnel effort for improving the selection, classification, and utilization of Army enlisted personnel. It is part of the effort to develop dimensions of soldier performance to be reflected in Army- wide rating scales for use in evaluating first-term soldiers in any Military Occupational Specialty MOS. A review of the literature and previous experience with enlisted Army soldiers provided the basis for a preliminary conceptual model of individual soldier effectiveness. Behavioral analysis workshops involving 77 officers and noncommissioned officers then provided more than 1,300 examples of effective and ineffective soldier behavior. Another 61 officers and NCOs sorted these examples into categories and rated the effectiveness level for each behavior. Seventy-eight percent of the examples were consistently retranslated into a single category within a narrow range of effectiveness. Comprehensive behavioral definitions were prepared for each of the 11 dimensions represented, and behavior-based rating scales for use as Army-wide criteria in Project A validation research were developed.