ARMY RESEARCH INST FOR THE BEHAVIORAL AND SOCIAL SCIENCES ALEXANDRIA VA
The present investigation grew out of a need to better understand the potential contributions that women might make to the Army manpower system. Women constitute 50 of the general population, and thus potentially could double the Armys source of manpower. This consideration could be extremely important given the present all-volunteer mode, in keen competition with the civilian sector for quality manpower. Due to Armys essential role in national defense, it is crucial that Army not fare poorly in recruitment and retention of quality personnel. Such an eventuality would lead necessarily either to a return to selective service or to reduced combat effectiveness. Thus, primarily as a hedge against this devil or deep blue sea dilemma, it behooves the Army to explore supplemental manpower resources, meaning women.