ARMY MEDICAL BIOENGINEERING RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT LAB FORT DETRICK MD
The literature regarding the toxicity to aquatic organisms and the related chemistry of nine military-relevant compounds was evaluated and reviewed. The selected compounds, munitions manufacturing products of potential concern as water-borne pollutants, are dinitrotoluene, tetryl and picric acid, trinitroresorcinol and lead styphnate, pentaerythritol tetranitrate, nitroguanidine, tetracene, potassium perchlorate, red phosphorus and strontium salts. Based on the available toxicity data, recommendations were made for further investigations to be conducted on the first seven of the listed compounds. No further toxicity studies have been proposed for red phosphorus and the strontium compounds.