NAVAL WAR COLLEGE NEWPORT RI NEWPORT United States
A joint force command, tasked with defeating a modern military with comparable warfighting capabilities in a traditional war, will primarily require command and control support C2S conveyed by both cyberspace and the electro-magnetic spectrum EMS to converge joint cross-domain effects and preserve the advantages offered by network-enabled operations. The Joint Chiefs of Staff will publish the Joint-All Domain Operations JADO concept by the end of 2020. This paper uses the US Armys Multi-Domain Operations MDO concept as a source document to critique what the JADO concept may include. Specifically, the MDO concept did not appreciate or highlight the necessity of CS2 and network-enabled operations despite its tacitly documenting twenty-eight dependencies on communication systems and its proven value during Operations Enduring and Iraqi Freedom. CS2 and network-enabled operations are essential to generating the combat power necessary to deter and defeat, if necessary, a numerically superior and near-peer competitor like the Peoples Republic of China. Further, the paper explores the PRCs military strategy for defeating the US, Opposing Operational System, and juxtaposes it with MDO. Finally, it provides doctrine, training, and joint functions recommendations for the US to prevail in Joint All-Domain Operations.