US Army Command and General Staff College Fort Leavenworth United States
In 2018, the Argentine executive branch updated the law regulating National Defense, expanding the situations in which the Armed Forces can act against external origin threats. The Argentine Republic built its legal and defense system under the concept that military forces should be used only in case of state aggression. However, in the last 20 years, the world has seen the emergence of new forms of threats by non-state organizations, including terrorism, transnational crime and cyber-attacks, which together threaten the pillars of democratic governments. This situation made it necessary to improve the ways in which the country protects its sovereignty. In addition, Argentina had already suffered terrorist attacks on its territory perpetuated by an international terrorist organization, and there is not a single country in the world exempt from these terrorist threats. The purpose of this investigation is, in light of the implications of the change in the Argentine defense law, to analyze the current situation of doctrine, training and organizations in the Argentine Army, the new threats that Argentina may face and, according to this, what changes have to be made. In addition, I will consider the experiences of U.S. Army reorganization, concluding with recommendations for the Argentine Army to be a coherent institution that can effectively operate under the new framework of the Defense Law.