AIR WAR COLL MAXWELL AFB AL MAXWELL AFB United States
The first use of the Crescent terminology came from King Abdullah II of Jordan during his speech to The Washington Post, while visiting the United States in 2004. He warned of the growing influence of Iran in the Mesopotamia region Iraq, Syria, and Lebanon, especially in Iraq. He also provided evidence of Irans intervention in Iraqs election process. Many Shia writers criticized King Abdullahs speech, called it a racist and an effort to split the Islamic ummah. However, as Hadi haddadin notes, King Abdullah II forewarned of the possible disruption of the balance of power in the region. He never used the word Shia in a sectarian sense he was rather referring to the political alignments and violent bloodshed that might result from such divides. 1 Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak then used the same term Iranian Crescent again in 2006 during an interview with Al-Arabiya News Channel, he claimed that the Shias in the Middle East are more loyal to Iran, not to the countries they are living in.