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The Political System of the Kingdom of Bahrain and its Foreign Policy Circles

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U. S. Army, Command and General Staff College Ft. Leavenworth United States

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The turn of the century witnessed global technological, economic, and social transformations that have affected the nature of political systems and international relations in the Middle East. The Arab region faces many challenges to its political systems and must be able to manage crises and threats with consideration for the interests of the region. This study describes the evolution of the Bahrain political system, and analyzes its different levels and how they work in concert to respond to critical issues and crises and guide Bahrains foreign policy. This study proposes following hypothesis Bahrains current government and political system can provide the proportionate response to future internal or external crises and effectively manage international pressures, leading to an increased capacity of the Bahrain political system to generate tenable solutions for the long term protection of its people and interests. Social, economic, and other crises experienced by Bahrain during the 21st Century are not only the result of internal factors, but also of international and regional interactions, which have a direct impact on the 741 square kilometer countrys ability to participate in regional approaches to crises. The following points compiled from document research summarize the findings of this analysis. First, the political system within Bahrain is a unique community stemming from the peoples will, with the ability to face all crises, relying on support from its strong relations with the Gulf Cooperation Council GCC, Arab state, and other international countries. Second, the Kingdom of Bahrains foreign policy is committed to a set of constants based on mutual respect, its treaties, conventions, and provisions of international legitimacy, respect for the sovereignty of states, and non-interference in their internal affairs.

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Technical Report



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Approved For Public Release;

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