In August 2015, Rene Thomas-Rizzo, director, Human Capital Initiatives, Office of the Under Secretary of Defense OUSD for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics AT and L, asked the RAND Corporation to undertake a study to accomplish the fiscal year FY 2016 Civilian Acquisition Workforce Personnel Demonstration Project AcqDemo assessment mandated in the National Defense Authorization Act NDAA of FY 2011. The assessment used multiple data sources - both quantitative and qualitative, both objective- and perception-based - to evaluate AcqDemo using the original 12 criteria enumerated in the NDAA, as well as five new criteria specified by the AcqDemo Program Office. These criteria call for a look at the following AcqDemos key features pertaining to hiring, appointments, and performance appraisal, the adequacy of its guidance, protections for diversity, efforts to ensure fairness and transparency, and means used to involve employees in improving AcqDemo. AcqDemos impact on career outcomes, such as compensation, promotion, and retention, particularly with respect to similar outcomes for the General Schedule workforce AcqDemos ability to support the acquisition mission. This research should be of interest to U.S. Department of Defense personnel involved with civilian manpower and personnel policy issues and to congressional representatives and staff responsible for AcqDemo project oversight. Some expertise about government civilian personnel management and performance-based personnel systems is presumed.