RAND PROJECT AIR FORCE SANTA MONICA CA SANTA MONICA
The Chinese direct-ascent anti-satellite weapon test in January 2007 was a stark reminder that potential adversaries are pursuing offensive space control OSC systems and may seek to limit U.S. freedom of action in space. Adversaries have already employed non-kinetic OSC capabilities, such as Global Positioning System jammers, in recent conflicts, and they might attempt even more provocative attacks in the future, in efforts to disrupt space operations and decrease the benefits the joint warfighter derives from U.S. space systems. The capabilities needed to attack U.S. space systems are becoming less expensive and proliferating on the world market. Left unchallenged, such developments increase the chances that attacks on U.S. space systems will become more common.