NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA MONTEREY United States
Current academic literature is replete with analyses on the return of great power competition due to Chinas rise. One area of concern among policy makers has been Chinas One Belt and One Road Initiative BRI and its impact on global security. This thesis examines India and Pakistans reactions to Chinas BRI through analysis of political, economic, and geostrategic factors. Indias non-support for the BRI stems from the perception that the BRI poses a direct threat to the rules-based international system and its own aspirations to become the South Asian regions dominant power. Conversely, Pakistan supports and has actively engaged in the BRI to counter a growing India and to increase its national power to achieve that end.