Morale, Welfare, and Recreation MWR programs and services are thought to be an integral part of building resilient and ready Airmen and families. However, the Air Force currently lacks an evidence-informed evaluation framework for MWR programs, especially one that identifies short-term and intermediate outcomes that contribute to Airman and family resilience and readiness. To understand the ways that MWR programs can contribute to resilience and readiness, the Air Force asked RAND to develop an evidence-informed framework that links program activities to such outcomes and provides guidance on collecting and managing the data needed to measure those outcomes. To accomplish this, we developed an evidence-informed model of resilience and readiness building blocksthat is, precursors to overall resilience and readiness identified through a review of existing literature.1 We then used this model as the basis for a comparison between the building blocks and the short-term and intermediate outcomes targeted by programs and services within the Air Force MWR portfolio. Together these two efforts allow the Air Force to examine whether and how the MWR portfolio could be used to foster resilience and readiness across the total force.