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Combined U.S./Philippine Exercises in the Age of Duterte

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Naval War College Newport United States

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In September of 2016, the President of the Republic of Philippines called for the end of all US-Philippine combined exercises. Over a year later, US-Philippine exercises continue. Ties between the US military and the Armed Forces of the Philippines remain strong and have weathered the political storm. The deep ties created through a transactional relationship have ensured continued security cooperation between the two militaries. However, the Philippines policy to seek closer ties with other nations in the region and Chinese ability to challenge the transactional approach identify a need for a new paradigm. A transformation approach through multilateral exercises can achieve US regional aims and improve US-Philippine relations. This paper explores how the current approach has resulted in strained relations and offers a long-term solution through expanding multilateral exercises.

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Technical Report



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Approved For Public Release;

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