Enzymatic fuel cells EFCs utilize enzymatic catalysts to convert chemical energy to electrical energy, typically by performing a 2e- oxidation of saccharides. In the case of sugars, a single 2e- oxidation does not fully exploit this energy-dense fuel that is capable of producing 24e- from its complete oxidation to CO2. Here, we propose an efficient approach to design a versatile EFC that can produce electrical energy from 12 oligo saccharides by combining two enzymes that possess diverse substrate specificities pyranose dehydrogenase PDH and a broad glucose oxidasebGOx. Additionally, PDH is able to perform single or two sequential oxidations of glucose at C2 andor C3 yielding up to 4e-, whereas bGOx only performs a single 2e- oxidation at the anomeric C1 position. By combining PDH and bGOx, we demonstrate the ability to achieve deep oxidation of glucose and xylose, whereby each is able to undergo sequential oxidations by PDH and bGOx. Additionally, we demonstrate that this deep oxidation can yield improved performances of EFCs. For example, an EFC comprised of a bi-enzymatic PDHbGOx bioanode using xylose as a fuel yields a maximum current density of 586 - 3 Acm-2 whereas mono-enzymatic PDH or bGOx EFC bioanodes result in current densities of 440 - 4 Acm2 and 120 - 1 Acm2, respectively.
Journal Article - Open Access
Journal of The Electrochemical Society , 164, 3, 01 Jan 0001, 01 Jan 0001,