DEFENSE EQUAL OPPORTUNITY MANAGEMENT INST PATRICK AFB FL Patrick AFB
Successful leaders like General Eisenhower in the Battle of Normandy and General Schwarzkopf in the Persian Gulf War are evidence that talented leaders are an integral component to mission accomplishment. Leadership has implications for successful endeavors at every level including employees, teams, and the unit as a whole. Although the desirable outcomes of effective leadership are often stressed and relatively straightforward, understanding how to become an effective leader is more complex. Eisenhower and Schwarzkopf were two different leaders operating in two novel situations. Research suggests that successful leadership involves a perfect storm of situational characteristics and individual leadership styles. Despite the invariance of the situation, leader styles and competencies are malleable and can be trained. Once the competencies of a successful leader are identified, situational characteristics such as cross-cultural settings can complicate effective leadership. This article will define leadership, identify effective leader competencies, and demonstrate the utility they have in cross-cultural settings e.g., how they relate to cross-cultural competencies.