The US Armed Forces are currently engaged in the longest active period of continuous armed conflict in United States history. The advancement in Tactical Combat Casualty Care, rapid medical evacuation, and improvements in personal body armor and armored vehicles have resulted in unprecedented survival rates. The second-order effect of the improved survival of combat injuries is the increased clinical burden of extremity injuries to include amputations. These unique features of casualty care within OIF and OEF, couple with the widespread use of a myriad of Improvised Explosive Devices IEDs--aka colloquially as roadside bombs have given rise to the almost 1,700 individuals with major limb amputations from 2001 to 2015.
AMEDD Journal and SOMOS 2017 , 11 Nov 2017, 15 Nov 2017,