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War and Man: Finding Practical Value in Psychological Theories for the Military Professional

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US Army School for Advanced Military Studies Fort Leavenworth United States

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When military professionals employ psychological models in appropriate ways, they may find perspectives that enable new action and points of view. As people are always changing, it is necessary to have fresh ways to understand ourselves and others. The Five-Factor Model and the Enneagram system show positive trends in scientific measuring and credibility yet are rarely used in the military. The focus herein extracts practical applications of these models for the military professional. Psychological models provide a framework to increase self-awareness, improve ones understanding of others, guide how one interacts with others, and illuminate the military activities that come most natural to the professional. Ultimately, the Five Factor Model is best suited to increase self-awareness by illuminating the military professionals natural disposition across five broad categories including openness, conscientiousness, extroversion, agreeableness, and neuroticism. The Enneagrams narrative provides a coherent image of nine different typologies and how they each tend to behave, think, and feel across various levels of performance. As archetypes, there is no one person who fits any of these categories precisely. However, these theories can serve as valuable guides for the most challenging aspect of the military profession daily interaction in the complex world of people.

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Technical Report,05 Jun 2016,25 May 2017



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Approved For Public Release;

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