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Hybrid Warfare Dilemmas in the Middle Colonies during the American Revolution

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US Army School for Advanced Military Studies Fort Leavenworth United States

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The hybrid war in the Middle Colonies during the American Revolution from 1776-1778 produced three dilemmas that the British could not solve, leading to American victory and independence. First, when the British spread out to provide local security across a wide area, the smaller formations became vulnerable to the enemy regular force. Next, when the British concentrated to fight the enemy regular force, it exposed the population and exposed the army to infiltration and attacks from enemy irregular forces. Finally, when the British focused on defeating both forces simultaneously, they lacked the resources to do so in either case. Understanding the creation of a hybrid threat is important to the US Army because it expects to face hybrid threats in the future. The environment that produced the hybrid war, the creation of the dilemmas, and how the British Army attempted to solve these dilemmas highlight the complexity of hybrid warfare and provide insight into understanding, generating, and solving dilemmas in future wars.

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Technical Report,05 Jul 2016,25 May 2017



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Approved For Public Release;

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