AIR COMMAND AND STAFF COLLEGE, AIR UNIVERSITY MAXWELL AFB United States
United States military operations in the Pacific during World War II proved to serve as one of the first truly joint combat opportunities in the history of the U.S. military. Specifically, the Allied operations in and around New Guinea demonstrated a unique confluence of geographic and operational factors that required joint operations to effectively execute a military campaign. Although the Air Force did not exist as a separate service at this time, the concept of integrating air, land, and sea forces nevertheless draws similar parallels to todays joint force structure. As such, using current joint doctrine to evaluate this historic campaign can provide a framework to highlight some of the reasons for success as well as validation of the usefulness of ther doctrine for future campaigns. To effectively evaluate this campaign through the vehicle of joint doctrine, it must not only encompass the actual effects of operations, but also should include the planned effects of the operations.