The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of a telephone-delivered cognitive behavioral treatment T-CBT in Veterans with a history of traumatic brain injury TBI for the treatment of chronic pain in a randomized controlled trial RCT. Specifically, the RCT will examine the immediate at the end of treatment and long-term 6-months from randomization efficacy of T-CBT on average pain intensity primary outcome, and pain interference, sleep, depression, global impression of change, and life satisfaction secondary outcomes relative to a telephone-delivered pain psycho-educational active control condition T-Ed. The study uses a 2-group parallel design. The sample will include 160 OEFOIF Veterans with a history of TBI and chronic pain recruited from the VA Puget Sound Health Care System VAPSHCS.Recruitment and enrollment for the study is ongoing. Despite the delays in recruitment and enrollment, we believe we will be able to achieve our enrollment goals given 1 the commitment by VAPSHCS providers to help us achieve our recruitment goals, and 2 the large number of VAPSHCS patients that we project to be eligible and willing to participate.