US Army Command and General Staff College Fort Leavenworth United States
The Boko Haram insurgency first appeared in Maiduguri in Borno State, northeast Nigeria around 2002. The groups objective was to establish an Islamic state and institutionalize Sharia law in Nigeria, particularly the northeast region. Boko Haram activities in the northeast of Nigeria have created a serious security threat to Nigeria and its neighbors in the Lake Chad region. The group engaged in guerrilla warfare using indiscriminate attacks on civilians, and military forces. Despite efforts by the Nigerian government to combat the group, Boko Harams activities continue to spread across the region. To address the Boko Haram crisis in Nigeria, this study looked at Maos Theory of Revolutionary War as a guide to understand the group. The research analysis revealed that the Boko Haram insurgency has closely adhered to Maos theory of revolutionary war since its inception. This means that Maos theory of revolutionary war can be applied to the Boko Haram crisis in Nigeria in order to find more effective methods than have been used so far by the government of Nigeria to fight Boko Haram. Therefore, this paper recommends the government of Nigeria use efforts to defeat the group focused on socio economic development, improved intelligence network, training and equipping the army and military collaboration with allies among others.