US Army Command and General Staff College Fort Leavenworth United States
The use of simulations is in an evolving capability in the U.S. Army. The Engagement Skills Trainer EST is a simulated rifle marksmanship trainer. Past research shows the EST is a cost-effective trainer. Research does not show how commanders use the EST in their training program. The study interviewed twenty previous company commanders. The study determined that commanders moderately used the EST in their unit training plans. Moderate is defined as greater than 50 percent used two or more of the EST training capabilities individual, crew, and judgment training. In this study, commanders only scheduled the EST as part of primary marksmanship instruction. However, ten of the nineteen commanders used an additional training capability of the EST. The study concluded with recommendations to improve EST use. The author recommends making EST a mandatory part of marksmanship training. The author also recommends using EST as a record of fire for a sustainment training event. This record of fire event can only occur once per year and after a live fire qualification.