CALIFORNIA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY PASADENA United States
The NSSEFF research program has been directed to create new paradigms for the strong interaction of light and matter. In general terms, the research has laid foundations for building complex quantum systems from simple components of single atoms and photons. Theoretical investigations have predicted surprising quantum phenomena that have not heretofore existed in Nature. More specifically, the research investigated new quantum phases of matter with photon-mediated atom-atom interactions in one and two-dimensional nano-photonic lattices e.g., self-organization of free-space atoms into crystals bound by light.In a complimentary fashion, exotic quantum phases for photons become possible by way of strong photon photon interactions created by an underlying lattice of atoms e.g., two propagating photons bonded to become a molecule.