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Resilience Among Students at the Basic Enlisted Submarine School

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Naval Postgraduate School Monterey United States

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This study assesses resilience among Sailors at Basic Enlisted Submarine School BESS, analyzing the effects of positive framing and how changes in resilience affect subjective well-being and perceived stress. An appreciative inquiry-based intervention was administered at two intervals to measure changes according to various scales e.g., positive framing, perceived-stress scale, resilience, and subjective well-being. Surveys of BESS Sailors were collected at four intervals to examine relationships, trends, and measure changes in scales and self-reported resilience. The Hayes Macro in the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences SSPS was used to uncover factors relevant to mediation analysis. Findings suggest that the encouragement of social resilience helps buffer against stress and explains subjective well-being. Improvement of Sailor resilience may improve fleet readiness, productivity, retention, and morale. It is recommended that this study be expanded in scope from BESS to the entire submarine fleet to target and reduce unplanned attrition in the submarine community.

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Technical Report



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Approved For Public Release;

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