Asia-Pacific Center for Security Studies Honolulu United States
During the Third Wave of democratization that began in the late 1970s, more than 100 countries across the Southern Europe, Asia, and the Middle East became democratized. However, among them, fewer than 20 countries remain democratic today.47 South Korea is one of these few and presents itself as a good case to examine various issues arising from the process of democratic consolidation. This chapter will analyze several issues of democratic consolidation in South Korea by examining the significance and major characteristics of the 2002 presidential election. It will also elucidate the implications of the election for democratic consolidation in South Korea in the long run.