University of Maryland - College Park College Park United States
Bottom-up self-assembly methods in which individual molecular components self-organize to form functional nanoscale patterns are of long-standing interest in the field of materials sciences. Such self-assembly processes are the hallmark of biology where complex macromolecules with defined functions assemble from smaller molecular components. In particular, plant virus-derived nanoparticles PVNshave drawn considerable attention for their unique self-assembly architectures and functionalities that can be harnessed to produce new materials for industrial and biomedical applications. In particular,PVNs provide simple systems to model and assemble nanoscale particles of uniform size and shape that can be modified through molecularly defined chemical and genetic alterations. Furthermore, PVNs bring the added potential to farm such bio-nanomaterials on an industrial scale, providing a renewable and environmentally sustainable means for the production of nanomaterials. This review outlines the fabrication and application of several PVNs for a range of uses that include energy storage, catalysis, and threat detection.
Virology, 479, 12, 01 Jan 0001, 01 Jan 0001, Under an Elsevier user license - open archive