U.S. Army Engineer Research and Development Center (ERDC) Champaign, United States
U.S. Army doctrine requires that commanders understand, visualize, and describe the infrastructure component of the Joint Operating Environment to accomplish the Armys missions of protecting, restoring, and developing infrastructure. The functionality of modern cities relies heavily on interdependent infrastructure systems such as those for water, power, and transportation. Disruptions often prop-agate within and across physical infrastructure networks and result in catastrophic con-sequences. The reaction of communities to dis-asters may further transfer and aggravate the burden on infrastructure and facilitate cascading secondary disruptions. Hence, a holistic analysis framework that integrates infrastructure interdependencies and community behaviors is needed to evaluate vulnerability to disruptions and to assess the impact of a disaster. Specific, Measureable, Attainable, Relevant, and Timely SMART documents are used to assess, measure, and predict the impact of potential infrastructural interdictions. Assessing individuals within the population allows analysis of social well-being in relation to potential cascading infrastructure failure.