Congressional Research Service Washington United States
President Obamas budget request for FY2017 includes 152.333 billion for research and development R and D, an increase of 6.195 billion 4.2 over the estimated FY2016 enacted R and D funding level of 146.138 billion. The request represents the Presidents R and D priorities Congress may opt to agree with part or all of the request, or it may express different priorities through the appropriations process. In particular, Congress will play a central role in determining the growth rate and allocation of the federal R and D investment in a period of intense pressure on discretionary spending. Budget caps may limit overall R and D funding and may require movement of resources across disciplines, programs, or agencies to address priorities.Funding for R and D is concentrated in a few departments and agencies. Under President Obamas FY2017 budget request, seven federal agencies would receive 95.6 of total federal R and D funding, with the Department of Defense 47.8 and the Department of Health and Human Services 21.5 accounting for nearly 70 of all federal R and D funding.In dollars, the largest increases in agency R and D funding in the Presidents request would go to the Department of Energy up 2.755 billion, 19.1, the Department of Defense up 1.953 billion, 2.8, and the Department of Health and Human Services up 772 million, 2.4.