NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA MONTEREY United States
The United States is a leader in humanitarian assistance and disaster relief, and the Department of Defense is called upon by Department of Defense Directive 5105.65 to lead efforts to assist nations in need of education support, health support, disaster preparedness, and basic infrastructure. Latin America is a strategic neighbor of the United States and is susceptible to man-made and natural disasters. Many of the countries that make up Latin America lack access to clean water, proper sanitation, and sources of electricity. The purpose of this thesis is to explore the capabilities of a technology that provides sanitation and water treatment services, the byproduct of this technology is drinkable water, electric power, and construction-grade ash, and then relay this technology to a humanitarian assistance and disaster relief role in Latin America. This thesis also discusses the rule of law index, influence on host nation governments, population makeup, and area characteristics to consider when determining whether to proceed with a humanitarian assistance or disaster relief project that incorporates water-sanitation-power combined technology.