ARMY CORPS OF ENGINEERS VICKSBURG MS VICKSBURG United States
The Endangered Species Act ESA of 1973, as amended, was designed to protect and conserve critically imperiled species and the ecosystems on which they rely. While this legislation provides significant protection to imperiled species, some argue the greatest short-coming of the ESA has been the lack of recovery of listed species. Threatened and endangered species TES have substantial impacts on the missions of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers USACE, particularly through add-on project costs and reductions in operational flexibility e.g., navigation and dredging operations. USACE annually expends 200-300 million to comply with ESA regulations.