Air Command And Staff College Maxwell Air Force Base United States
Pakistani madris are not jihadist factories. The majority of them are simply religious seminaries. They do not pose an international terrorism threat to the Western world, but they do contribute to the instability of Pakistan and have the strong potential to be a destabilizing force in the region, particularly with Afghanistan and India. This report demonstrates the lack of links between madris and terrorism by analyzing recent research on the background and characteristics of terrorists. It then highlights the links between madris and sectarian violence through analysis of research on madris organization, curriculum and political affiliation. Finally, it makes recommendations for both Pakistan and the U.S. to achieve real reform in the madris and Pakistans educational system as a whole in order to ensure the stability of the country and the region.