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Textural Feature Selection for Enhanced Detection of Stationary Humans in Through the Wall Radar Imagery

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Villanova University Villanova

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Feature-based methods have been recently considered in the literature for detection of stationary human targets in through-the-wall radar imagery. Specifically, textural features, such as contrast, correlation, energy, entropy, and homogeneity, have been extracted from gray-level co-occurrence matrices GLCMs to aid in discriminating the true targets from multipath ghosts and clutter that closely mimic the target in size and intensity. In this paper, we address the task of feature selection to identify the relevant subset of features in the GLCM domain, while discarding those that are either redundant or confusing, thereby improving the performance of feature-based scheme to distinguish between targets and ghostsclutter. We apply a Decision Tree algorithm to find the optimal combination of co-occurrence based textural features for the problem at hand. We employ a K-Nearest Neighbor classifier to evaluate the performance of the optimal textural feature based scheme in terms of its target and ghostclutter discrimination capability and use real-data collected with the vehicle-borne multi-channel through-the-wall radar imaging system by Defence Research and Development Canada. For the specific data analyzed, it is shown that the identified dominant features yield a higher classification accuracy, with lower number of false alarms and missed detections, compared to the full GLCM based feature set.

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Technical Report



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Approved For Public Release;

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