The document discusses defects in titanium alloys under three categories a defects introduced by the charging material b defects which are formed during melting and in preparation for melting and c defects of shrinkage origin. Methods of preventing and eliminating defects of each category are presented. These include proper selection of materials, removal of shavings, improved technical procedures in melting, the use of ultrasonic flow detection and the limitation of flame cutting where it is possible.
Edited machine trans. of mono. Slitki Titanovykh Splavov (Ingots of Titanium Alloys), Moscow, 1966 p241-266, by Francis T. Russell.